SUNConferences, SAIIE NeXXXt

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THE EVOLUTION OF BUSINESS MODELS FROM SUPPLY CHAIN TO AGILE DEMAND NETWORKS THROUGH ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING.
Johann Holmn, Willem Hendrik Harmse

Last modified: 2019-08-26

Abstract


Disruptive technologies had been the drivers for each of the first 3 industrial revolutions. These technologies shaped the evolution of the supply chain. As customers became more demanding, business models had to adapt from focus on supplying customers with goods, according to forecast, to a demand driven business model. The dynamics required to fulfil customer demand required more dynamic thinking and agility. It was also requested that companies leave behind linear chain thinking and participate in flexible agile networks.

As with all previous industrial revolutions, disruptive technology also plays an important part in shaping 4IR. In order to survive and thrive in 4IR, organizations will have to transform their business models from a supply chain model to an agile demand network. The most disruptive technology of 4IR is additive manufacturing. This paper discusses key requirements of an agile demand network and also the role additive manufacturing plays with the transformation from a business model based on supply chain principles to a business model based on an agile demand network.

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