SUNConferences, Computers and Industrial Engineering 42

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Stochastic Approach of Managing Community-Water Distribution System Through the Application of Nanotechnology
Thomas Bobga Tengen

Last modified: 2012-06-24


Significant efforts and resources are being put in water distribution from catchment to communities. Amongst these includes retention of water purity throughout, minimization of energy required to transport water, allocations of various water volumes to needy communities, etc. This paper proposes an approach that seeks to minimize energy required to distribute water to communities. Use is made of a result which shows that soft nanoproduct reduces water surface tensions. Soft nanoproducts are, generally, made up of nano-sized inclusions that have random sizes, shapes and spatial distributions. This paper focuses on applying the tools of Industrial Engineering, given by stochastic theory, to design soft nanoproduct with appropriate “statistical distribution(s)” of deposited nanoparticles that maximizes the reduction in surface tension, and consequently the required energy. Allocation of different volumes of water to various communities is optimized through decision analysis.

It is revealed that the required energy is related as follows to the following variables: directly proportional to inter-separation distances between the deposited nanoparticles, inversely and geometrically proportional to density and inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area. It can be concluded that there exists some optimal inter-separation distances and density beyond which further reduction does not lead into increase required energy/resources minimization. 


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